Well first is our extremely high quality Humic derived from Humalite and weighing in at a whopping 12% of our bottle. Triple screened so it won’t clog sprayers or other feeding systems and a high quality Fulvic as well for foliar application

We contain 5 Strains of Bacteria and 1 strain of Fungi concentrated at levels below

-Bacillus subtilis 2x106 CFU/ml
-Bacillus lichenformis 1x108 CFU/ml
-Bacillus subtilis subsp. spiziizeni 2x108 CFU/ml
-Bacillus pumilus 1x107 CFU/ml
-Bacillus megaterium 1x106 CFU/ml
-Trichoderma harzianum 1x106 CFU/ml

We organically assist farmers who are using the polymicrobial power of URB to make their soil work better for their profits. One example is cutting nitrogen inputs by at least 50% while increasing the yield significantly. The reason for decreasing N is fairly simple. As you know, nitrogen inputs are delivered with ammonia. At least 50% of N is lost when it is “volatized” off, or lost as nitrous oxide due to ion exchange with ammonia and from water runoff. With URB certain microbes chelate, or bond with, that otherwise lost N ion. So you need 50% less input to begin with.

Briefly, the 5 strains of bacillus serve the following benefits to plants...

Each of our microbial strains are grown separately, given food and vitamins, and grown at a specific temperature, untouched by human hands and with as little exposure to the air as possible. Every batch has a QC check and is the same.

-Decompose organic matter to create extra nutrition for your plants.

-Grow bigger, healthier root system enabling the plant to grow heavier bud/fruit sets
-Help produce natural plant hormones
-Restore Biotic Balance
-Process nutrients more effectively
-Replace beneficial bacteria after each flush

URB also promotes a healthy soil pH. Soil pH has strong effects on the availability of most nutrients. This is because pH affects both the chemical forms and solubility of nutrient elements. The ideal soil pH for many crops is slightly acid, between about 5.8 and 7.0, because in that range there is well balanced availability for all nutrients. This pH range also promotes an active and diverse soil microbial population and is a healthy range for earthworms and other soil organisms. It has been shown that acid tolerant bacterial strains can more readily generate a pH gradient when grown in acid conditions and can subsequently maintain a more constant internal pH.

URB's microbial formulation is suspended in a 12% humic acid carrier, stabilized at a balance pH of 7.0, which allows it to effectively work in varied climates and soil conditions. These humates act as a carbon food source for the microbial formulation, are high in organic matter and contain micronutrients, such as calcium, magnesium, zinc and manganese. Our products have been extensively tested in university greenhouses, field trials, replicated crop trials and specialized testing facilities. 

"Pesticide" is a general term which can further segmented into insecticides, fungicides and herbicides. URB Sciences estimates the reduction in insecticides to be approximately 90%. Generally speaking, insects prey on weak plants and URB grown plants are much stronger than conventionally grown plants as evidenced by higher brix, chlorophyll and protein levels. In addition to healthier plants having fewer disease/insect issues, there are two other modes of action URB products have against insects – higher brix levels and quorum sensing. The higher brix levels (natural sugars) we have documented in a number of crops are the plants' natural protection system. Insects don't have livers to digest sugars so the sugars stay in the insects’ stomachs, ferments and kills them. 

As an aside, insects are attracted to free nitrogen ions. Most fertilizers consist of, or break down into, free nitrogen ions.

Microbes produce an electromagnetic frequency; the more microbes, the stronger the signal, known as "quorum sensing." In layman's terms, this signal basically tells insects to stay away. URB increases the number of microbes and hence, the strength of the electromagnetic signal.

URB estimates a 50% reduction in fungicides due to the natural bio-pesticides included in the formulation.

The bio-pesticide (bio-control) function is comprised predominately by Trichoderma strains. Strains of Trichoderma are included in URB as bio-pesticide agents against fungal diseases of plants, especially powdery mildew. The various direct inhibition mechanisms against plant pathogens include antibiosis, mycoparasitism, inducing host-plant resistance to stress through enhanced root and plant development, solubilization and sequestration of inorganic nutrients, inactivation of the pathogen’s enzymes, and competition for nutrients or space. The bio-pesticides generally grow in their natural habitat on the root surface, and so affect root disease in particular, but can also be effective against foliar diseases. This is one reason why we recommend foliar application in veg, we have a high quality fulvic acid with great trans-membrane abilities, allowing these bio pesticides to be in full force on the leaves of as well as the rhizosphere. Once the bio-pesticides come into contact with roots, they colonize the root surface or cortex, depending on the strain. The best strains will colonize root surfaces even when roots grow three feet below the soil surface. In addition to colonizing roots, Trichoderma attack, parasitize and otherwise gain nutrition from other fungi. Since Trichoderma grow and proliferate best when there are abundant healthy roots, they have evolved numerous mechanisms for both attack of other fungi, and for enhancing plant and root growth.

Different strains of Trichoderma control every pathogenic fungus for which control has been sought. However, most Trichoderma strains are more efficient for control of some pathogens than others. The recent discovery in several labs that some strains induce plants to "turn on" their native defence mechanisms offers the likelihood that these strains also will control pathogens other than fungi.

Because bio-pesticides contain multiple modes of action, they are well suited for rotation in pest management programs. For example, a bio-pesticide may create holes in the gut of the pest (fermented sugars), whereas conventional pesticides are often neurotoxins.

Besides the cost, the adverse environmental impact of pesticides is substantial. An array of pesticides belonging to different chemical classes is used for controlling a variety of plant diseases. A number of pesticides are recalcitrant to degradation, persist in the environment, and enter the human/animal food chain constituting a threat to public health and a potential hazard to the environment. Some are toxic to humans even at parts per billion levels. There is increasing public concern regarding the continued use of chemical pesticides at high levels and there is a growing need for developing environmentally friendly approaches to control diseases and contribute to the goal of sustainability in production.

Any benefits on plant disease should be considered a secondary benefit – no customer should use our products based on the ability to control a disease. Yield increase is our primary benefit. Furthermore, in dealing with plant diseases and insect control, URB work best as a preventative, not a curative. Healthy plants have fewer diseases and we grow healthier plants. Just like a human with an impaired immune system is more likely to catch a cold than a human without an impaired immune system. The higher nutrient levels previously discussed are evidence of healthier plants as are the numerous points of test data showing longer roots, thicker stalks, more leaves, bigger leaves, etc.

If the plant already has a disease or is infested with insects, it is much more difficult for URB products to treat. Please remember, our products work by making the soil healthier – they are not fertilizers, nor pesticides, and the time it takes to work is much longer than a fertilizer or a pesticide.

Additionally, our products have a saprophytic competence in the soil. Saprophytic competency of microbes in the formulation is one of the major challenges to the practical utilization of improved commercial inoculants’ competitiveness and persistence in the soil against less efficient native strains. Test results show that URB products have a highly competent on in soil. It captures additional water and available nutrients from naturally occurring organic matter in the soil for the plant’s use. This enables plants to better sustain adverse environmental conditions such as variations in soil pH and moisture issues.
The following is a specific list of performance features for the URB microbial formulation:

Improves nutrient and water uptake
Improves root and plant growth and crop yield
Improves plants’ efficiency in using solar energy
Reduces stresses of transplanting and drought
Increases Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC)
Reduces pest infestations of insects, harmful microbes, and nematodes
Increases effects of beneficial microbes and organisms
Improves soil health and water retention
Stimulates development of balanced microflora populations 
Increases bioactive substances needed for plant growth and development
Reduces reliance on chemical fertilizers and pesticides
Improves the taste and qualiy
Helps release micronutrients and trace elements, making them available to plants
Stimulates germination
Reduces amount of toxins in soil associated with harmful organisms
Increases healthy decomposition of organic matter and reduces putrefaction